To prevent an embroidery from falling apart with washing, you should use an embroidery backing. If you look at the back of the embroidery on your hat, polo shirt, or bags, you will see a piece of white material.
The backing is a type of sheet of material placed in a hoop and must be embroidered along with the fabric. This backing is a stabilizer or support where the fabric and stitches are supported during your embroidery design.
When hooping, you should put a backing sheet behind the garment to prevent your fabric from shifting or puckering during the embroidery process. It is an important piece that acts as a base for your embroidery and is necessary for your machine projects.
You must select the best backing to get the best result during your embroidery. Below you will be able to know which are the best stabilizers or backs for your commercial embroidery.
What type of embroidery backing should be used?
Embroidery experts follow a general rule of thumb when selecting a backing, the thicker or heavier the fabric you want to embroider, the lighter the backing should be. If the fabric you want to embroider is thin or light, you should look for a heavy embroidery backing.
When looking for a backup, you should also consider some important factors. The higher the density of the stitch, the more support it will need on the fabric so that it will not move and can stay in place. This means that designs with high stitch densities will need a heavy backing.
There are loose or stretchy fabrics such as knits, which need a heavier backing. In contrast, tight and stable fabrics require medium or light support. If you are going to embroider a fabric that will be washed regularly, you should use a heavy backing. This backing will become softer with the washes.
The embroidery backing or stabilizer is available in black and white. White is the most widely used because it works best with various colors. Also, it won’t show through the fabric. Some embroiderers use the black backing on darker fabrics.
Basic Fundamentals for Commercial Embroidery
The embroidery backing makes commercial embroidery easier, helps the fabric stay smooth and firm for a cleaner seam. This material is essential for you to have a better result.
Most commercial embroidery has benefited from different types of backing or stabilizers. Together with Dunkee Hoops, the backrest is in charge of supporting the fabric, keeping it flat, firm, and soft for better embroidery.
As mentioned above, many factors will help you determine the right backing for your embroidery project. Among the influencing factors are stitch density, speed, length, embroidery size, stability of the design, and the embroidery machine you are using for your project.
- The fabric determines the backing
The fabric stretch is one of the most important factors to consider when looking for support or backing. The backing must be stable to prevent movement during embroidery. Due to the number of fabrics and their quality, you will have to experiment, especially if you change the blank space.
Even if they appear identical but come from different suppliers, Garments may behave differently in the commercial embroidery process. The weave, fabric structure, and knit pattern can be a better indicator of how stable the fabric is without getting carried away by weight alone.
Golf jerseys are a prime example of how the fabric’s weave can determine which backing to use in your embroidery project.
- Backrest and rings go hand in hand
The hoop or hoop is also very important in commercial embroidery. Poor embroidery can be caused by projects made with unsafe hoops or loose hoops. A tall rim can give you a better grip on materials that are slippery or heavy.
The backrest can come in several standard pre-cut sizes and are more economical. Seatbacks that come pre-cut start at 6″ x 6″, and the unit can cost about $ 0.03. Roll embroidery media and cut-to-lengths can be cheaper.
You should be aware that there is no single rule of thumb for finding the right backing for your project or a particular type of material. Large embroidery designs that have filled areas on unstable weaves may require a heavier backing than smaller patterns made on more stable weave fabrics.
The five best supports or backing for commercial embroidery
If you are looking for the best embroidery backing, you are in the right place. The five best embroidery supports are as follows:
Tearaway backing is one of the best options and the most widely used by commercial embroidery stores. Projects finish faster, are safer, and cost less with torn backing than lying down. The most important things to look for in a torn mount are clean, easy rips, hoop stability, and puncture resistance.
The detachable backing must be very strong for repeated punctures. Also, it should pull easily and clean regardless of the direction of embroidery. To reduce the chances of distortion, you should remove the bracket or stabilizer as close to the project as possible.
Some shops use two layers of thin backing that can be peeled off to eliminate distortion. This may be a great idea, but it will increase costs and production time.
Cutaway or trimmed backs are used for permanent support because they provide more stability. They have stronger fibers that provide greater stability for delicate or stretch fabrics in commercial embroidery. It gives you sharper embroidery on highly complex projects like fine print.
They come in heavy and light weights and remain permanently attached to the fabric, and the excess is trimmed off with scissors. This is why this backing has earned the name of trimmed support. They are used primarily on fabrics that tend to push towards the throat plate.
They allow you to keep your embroidery design firm. This means you won’t have annoying customers returning the garment because the designs are sagging or distorted.
They come in weights ranging from 2 ½ ounces to ultra-thick three ¾ ounces per square yard. With this type of backing, you must be very careful not to cut too close to the design or your garment. It is used on garments that will be washed frequently and on unstructured caps that are loose-knit.
- Peel and Stick
Peel and stick support, also called peel and stick, are used for embroidery without hoops or in areas that are difficult to hook. The adhesive backing is used on collars, cuffs, and stretch fabrics during the commercial design project.
These supports are also used for materials that can leave some hoop marks, with they are suede fabric and brushed denim.
- Poly Mesh
The polyethylene mesh backing is also called invisible backing. It is used for elegant embroidery designs on transparent, white, thin, or light-colored fabrics. It is a soft, light, strong, lightweight cut, and it will not be seen behind the light pendants; this differentiates them from the heavier supports or backs.
It is used in designs with a low number of stitches. The invisible bracket can be removed with heat or water.
The Caps backing is a heavy backing that tears cleanly to keep the columns and lettering sharp that are most common in cap projects. It is an excellent option for caps that are unstructured or have a low profile.
Most Caps backs are heavyweight; they are 3 ounces per square yard. This backing will help you maintain the correct tension on the bobbin thread. Allows the commercial embroidery machine to switch from hats to flats and vice versa without changing settings.
This type of embroidery backing prevents the fabric from entering the throat of your machine. Folding the lid holder can help it seat securely in the rotating lid frames and thus avoid shifting your project.
As you can see, you need to choose a suitable backing or support for your project for the best results in your commercial embroidery. You also need to choose the correct yarn and supplies.
Substitutes for the embroidery stabilizer
The stabilizer is a very important material for quality embroidery. But if you want to replace the backing or support, you can use different fabric types such as cotton, sweatshirt fabrics, fleece, and flannel.
Some people also use coffee filters. They are flimsy, light, and easy to tear, and you only need to use an iron to flatten them and then place them where you want to embroider. When you have finished your project, you can easily break the coffee filters.